Number employed by industry
When measured by the number employed, the largest sector in non-metro Canada is employment in wholesale and retail trade firms.
- Health services employment is the 2nd largest sector.
- The 3rd ranked sector is employment in manufacturing.
- Thus, "manufacturing" is the largest goods-producing sector (when measured by employment) in non-metro Canada.
- The ranking of sectors will change if we switch to approximate GDP as our measure of the size of the non-metro economy. Note that "forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas" rank 10th here in terms of employment but will rank 1st in terms of GDP. The ranking changes because GDP is the return to capital and labour. Mining and oil and gas extraction have a large amount of capital (built structures, machinery and equipment) per worker and thus the share of GDP that is the return to capital is much larger in these sectors.
Metro refers to residents of Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs). CMAs have 50,000 or more in the built-up core (100,000 or more prior to 2006) and includes all neighbouring towns and municipalities where 50 percent or more of the workforce commutes to the built-up core.
A census division (CD) is a group of census subdivisions (which are incorporated towns, incorporated municipalities or equivalent) that are counties, MRCs, regional districts or, for some provinces, a CD is a grouping of census subdivisions for statistical purposes (as in Newfoundland and Labrador and in the three Prairie Provinces).
A non-metro census division has no towns or municipalities that are delineated as part of a CMA.