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Non-metro population growth

Year-to-year percent change in total population

*Reclassification is not an issue in this time series. These data have been tabulated within the 2006 boundaries of metro and non-metro. Source: Statistics Canada. Annual Demographic Statistics. CANSIM Table 051-0001 and 051-0046


Canada's non-metro population has grown in each year since 1996

  • Non-metro is growing more slowly because some non-metro residents move to metro and because more immigrants chose to live in metro areas than in non-metro areas. Bottom line - non-metro is not declining - it is growing! 

Metro refers to residents of Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs). CMAs have 50,000 or more in the built-up core (100,000 or more prior to 2006) and includes all neighbouring towns and municipalities where 50 percent or more of the workforce commutes to the built-up core.

Non-metro refers to the residents outside CMAs.

  • Census Agglomerations (CAs) in 2006 and 2011 have a built-up core of 10,000 or more with a total population of less than 100,000 and includes all neighbouring towns and municipalities where 50 percent or more of the workforce commutes to the built-up core (prior to 2006, a few CAs had a total population over 100,000 if they had less than 100,000 in the built-up core - due to the different definition of a CMA prior to 2006).
  • Metropolitan Influenced Zones (MIZ) are assigned on the basis of the share of the workforce that commutes to any CMA or CA (Strong MIZ: 30 to 49 percent; Moderate MIZ: 5 to 29 percent; Weak MIZ: 1 to 5 percent; No MIZ: no commuters).
Page Updated: 26/04/2018