Milestone Five Community Profiles
A relatively new member to the PCP program, since April 2010, the regional municipality has worked hard to develop a comprehensive climate action strategy for Waterloo Region. In October 2013, the region achieved milestones four and five for corporate operations — a new record for completing the PCP milestone framework. The region released its community-wide action plan shortly after, earning milestone three for the community in December 2013. As an upper-tier regional municipality, Waterloo's approach to reducing GHG emissions has emphasised collaboration and shared objectives by working closely with local municipalities as well as several community partners. The region is relying on initiatives such as a new bus rapid transit and light rail transit service, a regional network of electric vehicle charging stations, and green bin organics diversion to reduce methane generated at the regional landfill to achieve a community-wide reduction target of six per cent below 2010 levels by 2020.
A member of the PCP program since November 1996, Metro Vancouver is also a signatory to the Province of British Columbia's Climate Action Charter. One of the regional district's responsibilities is to provide air pollution control and air quality management services across the Greater Vancouver region. As a result, much of its early work on climate change was under the banner of air quality control. Recognizing the strong connection between air quality and climate change, the Metro Vancouver Board adopted the new Integrated Air Quality and Greenhouse Gas Management Plan in October 2011. Metro Vancouver's approach to reducing GHG emissions has also emphasized regional collaboration and is guided by a Board of Directors consisting of mayors and councillors from member municipalities that are key partners for most of the GHG reduction initiatives. Notable initiatives include a Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise GHG Reduction Program, which has engaged more than 500 local businesses in identifying GHG reduction projects.
City of London
London's greenhouse gas reduction efforts can be traced back as far as its Vision '96 — Planning for Tomorrow activities and more recently to its 2003 Air Quality in London — Moving Forward Locally air quality plan. The latter strategy was part of a broader environmental program encompassing all areas of sustainability, and is encapsulated in the city's 2011-2014 Strategic Plan. The strategy is complemented by Rethink Energy London, a program that supports community and corporate energy initiatives, and by the Mayor's Sustainable Energy Council, a 30-member expert panel that supports local sustainable energy projects. Reducing energy use and costs drives many of London's initiatives. Among these are a building retrofit program, a landfill gas capture system, LED traffic signals, and partnerships with local utilities and homebuilders to help residents lighten their carbon footprint. The city is aiming to achieve the Province of Ontario's GHG reduction targets of six per cent below 1990 levels by 2014, 15 per cent by 2020, and 80 per cent by 2050.
City of Bathurst
Since joining the PCP program in April 2001, Bathurst has used its partnership with non-profit organization Bathurst Sustainable Development (BSD) to move its environmental goals forward. As joint signatories to the PCP resolution, the city and BSD have been able to bring different resources, funders, knowledge and skills to the table. For example, a BSD project with Natural Resources Canada's Sustainable Communities Initiative was used to study the feasibility of public transit and mapped every home and building for solar potential — data that will be valuable for years to come. Other core initiatives include municipal building retrofits and residential tool kits. A declining population, rising energy costs, sea level rise and coastal erosion, and financial hurdles have posed many challenges along the way. But despite an increase in overall emissions, Bathurst has been able to reduce the rate of emissions growth and manage those increases through operational efficiencies to achieve its corporate reduction target of 20 per cent below 1995 levels by 2010 and its community reduction target of six per cent below 1995 levels by 2010.
City of Guelph
Guelph's designation as a provincial growth area was a key factor in developing the city's Community Energy Initiative (CEI). The city knew that to accommodate growth in a sustainable way, it needed a complete picture of its own resources. A consortium of city, community and business partners came together to study options, set goals and targets, and make recommendations. The resulting CEI identifies assets and resources, and shows how sustainable growth can be supported through careful energy use planning. From the beginning, the plan was integrated throughout city departments and the community, with individual sector targets feeding into the overall goals. The CEI aims to reduce energy use in buildings, industry and transportation by 50 per cent and GHG emissions by 60 per cent by 2031, based on 2006 levels. A PCP program member since 1998, the city received grants from FCM's Green Municipal Fund to prepare a local growth management strategy, undertake the energy planning process, and conduct a district energy feasibility study.